Crazy Crawfish’s Blog: Background on the High Stakes Testing Opt Out Movement in Louisiana
Unless you are already opting your kids out of testing this spring, most folks have probably only heard about this movement to “opt out” (parents refusing to permit children to take) of high stakes tests in Louisiana in the past couple weeks. Here are some recent stories:
- Caddo, Bossier parents refuse Common Core tests
- UPDATED- LPSS receives first testing refusal; more expected soon
- Opting out of PARCC testing- Parents have a say
The opt out movement has been building momentum in this state and throughout the country for the past few years. I have been consulted numerous times by various organizers of this movement to promote it or provide information about possible consequences and implications. I actually don’t have a firm stand one way or the other on the “opt out issue” but I have been linking people up with individuals that do for the past year or so. A few of the opt out information providers in our state are Ann Burruss from Lafayette and Lee Barrios from St Tammany. You can generally find them on Facebook if you have any questions and want to keep up with the latest developments. This post is not going to delve too deeply into whether parents should or should not do this. I will leave this for them to decide. What I did want to do is provide some background on this issue. I found the background on this situation to be lacking in most mainstream outlets.
First let’s define what High Stakes Testing means. This is a term that has come to mean annual tests that are tied to consequences for teachers, students, schools and districts. Low scores on these tests can mean teachers are fired, students are retained, schools are closed, districts are seized by the state. For a pro side you can review this edreform site that describes what education Reformers are hoping to accomplish. For the argument against High Stakes testing you might try looking through www.fairtest.org and this link: http://www.fairtest.org/arn/caseagainst.html
High Stakes testing became all the vogue in 2001 with the passage of NCLB (No Child Left Behind act). NCLB is actually being debated and right now in Congress and even Secretary of Education Arne Duncan is telling Congress that standardized testing has gone too far and needs to be scaled back. (The original was co-authored by John Boehner and Edward Kennedy so you know it has to be good, right?)
Today some school systems may spend a third of their class time taking standardized tests or preparing for them. I’ve spoken with parents in districts in Louisiana that claim test prep booklets sample tests start getting sent home in January for the high stakes tests we give in April each year. Parents are outraged about how much time is consumed in taking and preparing for tests, and I don’t blame them. I send my kids to school to learn, not to take or prepare for tests endlessly.
A new wrinkle for this year is that no one outside of Louisiana State Superintendent John White and his close circle know what test kids will be taking. White has claimed at different times our children will be taking a PARCC or PARCC-like test. (PARCC is one of two major testing Consortiums tapped and funded by US DOE to develop Common Core tests for the States.) However Governor Bobby Jindal and his DOA intervened in a contract dispute and declared the way it was approved invalid and have asserted they will not pay for PARCC with State funds. This has led to several lawsuits brought by education Reform proponents and parents groups as well as the Governor’s office and BESE. I honestly have no idea where any of that stands right now. One judge has ruled the state can’t block White from procuring the tests. Jindal has vowed to seek repayment of any funds spent that way. Lawsuits are still pending. I’m not sure anyone else can tell you how this will ultimately play out with any degree of certainty either.
Still, John White has made it clear Louisiana will be giving the PARCC exam this Spring and districts need to be prepared for it. According to previous statements and decisions by White and BESE, no students will be held back based on this exam, whatever it is. No teachers should be penalized based on the scores their students get for this year either. However (SPS) School Performance Scores will still be based on these test results. Schools and districts that do poorly on these mystery exams could be subject to seizure by the State Recovery School District (RSD) and handed over to charter operators. Students that “opt out” will be assigned a zero on the exam. If schools end up with a lot of zeros it could severely impact their SPS score and make takeover very likely if the school is already in a borderline achievement category and has been for several years.
Louisiana has not defined a formal way to “opt out” of testing. Currently tests are mandatory. Some parents are writing letters to their principals that they wish to opt out of testing. It’s unclear whether any principals will honor these requests. My guess is students that get sent to school will be given tests regardless of any letters. To prevent this from happening parents are considering keeping their kids home on testing days and makeup test days or bringing them to school late. These would be considered unexcused absences. I would caution parents that do this that they could run afoul of LRS 17:221 and LRS 14:92.2 that outlines possible fines and jail time for parents of kids who are habitually absent or tardy (truant). Enforcing those laws would probably be worse case scenarios but some districts might play hardball with parents trying to keep their kids home during testing. Some parents have taken a third route. They have instructed their kids to bubble in all the same answer or to make “pretty pictures” on their scantron answer sheets if they have given tests against their parent’s permission.
I’m not very clear on what the value of these tests could possibly be. Unless John White made a secret deal with PARCC to get the assessments for free (he is still a PARCC Governing board member so I wouldn’t rule that out) or PARCC has accepted the risk of contentious legal battles over any payments made, they are not true PARCC assessments. They will not be comparable to last year. They will not be comparable to next year. They may be rigged to be similar to PARCC using combinations of last year’s test and new items the state may have used micro contracts to generate.
What I can tell you is this. These test booklets have already been printed or are in the process of being printed by DRC, the State’s longtime testing vendor. When I worked at LDOE 3 years ago it took months to print the hundreds of thousands of test booklets they have to prepare each year. DRC needed enrollment data from us in November or December to “precode” (pre-fill site code, name, DOB, grade level, etc) the majority of the test booklets give to students. Someone should be able to require John White turn over a sample test booklet to see how they are portraying the test they will be giving in a few months. Will they be calling it PARCC, iLeap, iPARCC, ParccLEAP? Who knows? What I am sure of is I’m glad I don’t have to make a decision on this till at least next year.
Would you like to see a sample/practice PARCC test?
I was recently told by a parent that they tried the 7th grade math portion with their child and failed miserably. Common Core, which these tests are based on, was not phased in. That means many kids in higher grades will not be able to pass these tests because they were never taught the material. Because these tests are designed for kids to fail initially in the higher, unprepared grades as has happened in States like New York that gave these exams last year, parents are concerned this will lead to school takeovers anyways, as well as some mental anguish for their children. In some schools these tests are emphasized a great deal and a lot of stress is put on kids to perform. Some kids can shrug it off, and others can take this type of failure pretty hard and it can damage their self-esteem.
I know from experience I hate this type of situation. I’ve had teachers that tested us on subject material we were not taught or even assigned and it did impact my attitude towards school and my teachers in very negative ways. I lost respect for those teachers, lost respect for the subject material, and tuned out. It did not inspire me to “try harder”. It just made me think tests and schools were stupid. Perhaps now I would handle that differently? It’s hard to say, but children are not little adults. Scholastic achievement might be tied to their self-esteem and identity, and they may not have other experience or achievements to anchor themselves. If I had this concern, if I thought my children would be impacted like I was, I can guarantee I would consider opting my children out.
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