Skip to main content

Cloaking Inequity: Report Comparing Charter Schools Versus Public Schools is Fatally Flawed

I usually ignore Patrick Wolf and the other nonsense and commentary produced by the Department of Education Reform at the University of Arkansas, but I couldn’t this time. Here is the press release from my new analysis of their report on charter school versus public school “productivity.” From the National Education Policy Center (NEPC) Press release:

Bigger Bang, Fewer Bucks?: The Productivity of Public Charter Schools in Eight U.S. Cities, published by the University of Arkansas Department of Education Reform, contends that charter schools produce more achievement per dollar invested, as compared to public schools.

Professor Julian Vasquez Heilig of California State University Sacramento reviewed the report and identified a variety of methodological choices made by the authors that threaten the validity of the results.

The report is focused on city-level analyses in eight U.S. cities (Atlanta, Boston, Denver, Houston, Indianapolis, New York City, San Antonio, and Washington D.C.) and uses cost effectiveness and Return on Investment ratios. It concludes that charter schools deliver a weighted average of an additional 4.34 NAEP reading points and 4.73 NAEP math points per $1000 invested.

However, Professor Vasquez Heilig points out that the report fails to account for the non-comparability of the student populations in charter and comparison public schools. Four other problems also undercut the report’s claims. First, the report uses revenues rather than actual expenditures, despite well-established critiques of this approach. Second, the report’s lack of specificity (e.g., using state-level data in city-level analyses and completely excluding race and gender) plagues the accuracy and validity of its calculations.

Key Review Takeaway: Flawed evidence provides no valid guidance to educators or policymakers evaluating cost effectiveness or return on investment.

Third, the authors fail to reconcile their report with the extensive literature of contrary findings. Finally, even though the think tank’s earlier productivity report included a caveat saying that causal claims would not be appropriate, and even though the new report’s analyses also are insufficient to make causal claims, the new report omits that caution.

The evidence in this report is so flawed that it provides no valid guidance to educators or policymakers.

Find the review, by Julian Vasquez Heilig, at:

Suggested Citation: Heilig, J.V. (2018). NEPC Review: “Bigger Bang, Fewer Bucks?” (University of Arkansas Department of Education Reform, February 2018). Boulder, CO: National Education Policy Center. Retrieved [date] from

Find Bigger Bang, Fewer Bucks?: The Productivity of Public Charter Schools in Eight U.S. Cities, written by Corey A. DeAngelis, Patrick J. Wolf, Larry D. Maloney, & Jay F. Mayand, and published by the University of Arkansas Department of Education Reform, at:

Please Facebook Like, Tweet, etc below and/or reblog to share this discussion with others.

Check out and follow my YouTube channel here.

Twitter: @ProfessorJVH

Click here for Vitae.

This blog post has been shared by permission from the author.
Readers wishing to comment on the content are encouraged to do so via the link to the original post.
Find the original post here:

The views expressed by the blogger are not necessarily those of NEPC.

Julian Vasquez Heilig

Julian Vasquez Heilig is the Dean and a Professor of Educational Policy Studies and Evaluation at the University of Kentucky College of Education. His current res...