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Inclusion or Pull-Out: Which Do Students Prefer?

Publisher: Journal of Learning Disabilities, 31
Page Numbers: 148-158

The purpose of this study was to better understand students' perceptions of and preferences for inclusion or pull-out service delivery models. Thirty-two students with and without learning disabilities who had participated in both models during the past two or three years were interviewed individually. Key questions assessed their perceptions of which model was most conducive to academic learning and which was most likely to yield social benefits, and the reasons for their beliefs. Results indicated that students' views varied. Overall, more children identified pull-out as the model of choice, but many children were confident that inclusion was meeting their academic and social needs. The authors interpret the results of this study as providing support for maintaining a continuum of service delivery options and for considering the placement of each child individually, based on his or her unique needs.